The electric vehicle is the best when it comes to sustainability and let dependence on fossil fuels. An electric car is friendly to the environment and its acquisition is highly encouraged. However, it is still a costly purchase and before you choose, you need to analyze the advantages and disadvantages.
There are two points to make the electric vehicle a more viable mobility solution: the technological evolution at the level of the batteries, with smaller load times, greater autonomy, greater power; and an increasingly competitive price, especially when analyzing the costs of miles traveled.
Learn about the true advantages and disadvantages of the electric car when compared to the petrol-fueled car.
Advantages of electric vehicles
Higher engine efficiency: electric vehicles uses between 0.1 and 0.23 kWh per hour. While a gasoline-powered vehicle uses about 0.98 kWh per hour, so it means this one is less efficient than an electric vehicle.
Emission of gases: the electric vehicle is the only 100 green solution with zero gas emissions and pollutants. Also, this is being noisy Zero which is justified by the absence of several moving parts in the engine, the noise of combustion and the absence of the exhaust system.
Costs of use: The cost of electricity used by electric vehicles corresponds to one third of the cost of fuel for gas vehicles. Electric vehicles have lower maintenance costs as they do not require frequent oil changes.
Regenerative Braking: The electric motor is used as a generator during vehicle braking, and the output is produced after conversion and is used to recharge the batteries, returning power to the system.
Driving: Electric vehicles do not need the clutch pedal and driving box.
Less taxes and incentives: electric cars currently benefit from the absence of some taxes. The governments of some countries offer subsidies for a greater market penetration of these vehicles.
Disadvantages of electric vehicles
Batteries: Although there have been technological advances the batteries weight quite a lot and can reach an average of 450kg. The life of a battery pack is about 180,000 km, which can be a major disadvantage as you have to acquire new ones with each new cycle. At low temperatures, batteries end up losing efficiency.
Recycling batteries: there is not a good market for companies that recycle lithium batteries. Only a third of the battery’s value can be recovered.
Charging time: The batteries, when loaded in specific places, can reach about 80% of their capacity in 15 to 20 minutes. However, when carried out at home charging takes up to 8 hours.
Cost of acquisition: As vehicles are produced in small series, the cost of acquisition becomes more expensive in relation to gas vehicles.
Electricity production: depending on how the electricity is produced, there may be CO2 emissions.
Is it worth to buy electric cars? Yes, it’s worth it, especially from the point of view of a company maintaining a fleet of vehicles. From a particular point of view, if you do “short” trips, these are not for you.